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Getting Started – Nginx Amplify with PHP-FPM

Posted in Server

Nginx Amplify is my new found extensive Nginx monitoring and metrics, with general server metrics included. This article will walk you through how to install and start monitoring in under 2 minutes! Every request coming through my server goes through Nginx, thus such a one-stop-shop for metrics and monitoring related to Nginx is just so timely and useful for me.

You can read more about Nginx Amplify

Remember that all commands in this article are to be issued on your remote server. If you don’t have Nginx on your server, then this might not be the monitoring and metrics gathering tool you’re looking for.

Otherwise, let’s get going!

When we’re done, you should have something like this:

 

Installation

Installation of the Nginx Amplify is just so seamless. Here:

Make sure to restart the amplify-agentjust after installation. I had issues without restart.

Done!

Configuration Nginx Metrics

By default, you might not have the stub_status enabled in your Nginx configuration anywhere. So we need to configure that.

Create a /etc/nginx/conf.d/stub_status.conf file and put these in there:

Be sure to include contents of the /etc/nginx/conf.d/* folder in your main nginx.conf file.

Run $ nginx -t to check the nginx configuration if working fine and there are no errors.

$ service nginx restart

Truly stopping Nginx can be troubling for me via the service restarts command as shown above. Thus, in my Monit restart command, I use this instead

/sbin/start-stop-daemon --quiet --stop --retry QUIT/5 --pidfile /run/nginx.pid

If that fails, a means of last resort is to use the command below:

sudo fuser -k 80/tcp

Now give your Nginx Amplify Dashboard some time to start seeing some metrics showing. We’ll enable the rest in a jiffy. However, you should start seeing some metrics when you change to the 1H time interval for the graphs.

Nginx Amplify Metrics Showing

As you wait for the Dashboard to populate the metrics it pulls at 1-minute intervals, you can check if your stub_status is working as expected.

You should get a response similar to this:

If something like the above shows, then you have your stub_status working.

More Nginx Metrics

‘NGINX Amplify can collect a number of additional useful metrics which will be added to the Graphs page if the agent finds additional metrics. With the required log format configuration, you’ll be able to build more specific custom graphs.

‘The access.log log format should include an extended set of NGINX variables. Please add a new log format or modify the existing one — and use it with the access_log directives in your NGINX configuration.’

Now with the main_ext variable, we need to apply that to the access.log of our Nginx configurations.

If you explicitly indicate an access log per each virtual host, you might have to do this step for all the virtual hosts you want logging in a way the Nginx Amplify Agent can pick up. Otherwise, (such as in my case), doing the following should get the variable applied to all your Nginx Access logs:

Then,

$ nginx -t && service nginx restart

As we wait for the recent changes to start populating on our Nginx Amplify Dashboard, let’s move on to rig our php-fpm to also send in some metrics.

Configuring PHP-FPM

If you run a WordPress instance, you very likely have php-fpm running on the system. We need metrics from this process too, and here we wanna configure that.

Make sure to take note of the specific php-fpm version you’re using, either for php7.1 or php7.0. On my box, I’m using PHP7.1, thus

On my box, I’m using PHP7.1. You can confirm what version you’re using by checking your Nginx configurations related to fastcgi and notice the PHP sock it is connected to.

Mine looks something like this, which I put in my /etc/nginx/snippets/wordpress.conf

If we’re using php7.1-fpm, then it means we’re using the file /etc/php/7.1/fpm/pool.d/www.conf in which we’ll be confirming the following:

  •  pm.status_path is set. If not set, it usually looks like this: pm.status_path = /status. If it exist but commented, please uncomment it.
  • The owners for the php-fpm service user group is same as the Nginx running service, in my case listen.owner = www-data and listen.group = www-data
  • And

    is set

With all of the above successfully configured, the end result should be an additional tab displayed on the Graphs page, with the pre-defined visualization of the PHP-FPM metrics.

If you see two PHP-FPM tabs, then you very likely have 2 PHP-FPM instances running on your system (as shown in video below), although only one might be used for all your applications.

I always try to stay latest, thus with all my PHP-related applications i.e WordPress, inheriting from one single include nginx conf file, all I do is point the sock file to the most recent PHP instance. Automatically all my PHP-apps switch to using the latest PHP-FPM of the latest PHP.

I’m currently on PHP-7.1 FPM

Restart the agent one last time, and let the fun begin!

Conclusion

You should end up with something similar to what was shown in the early part of this article.

I’m personally enjoying this Amplify platform from Nginx. Nginx has been my go-to front-end server for almost all things, including even for MongoDB. It works, is fast, and lean! All my personal and client projects are served with Nginx.

The Amplify platform is a welcome addition and works amazingly. I hope this article got you started with Nginx Amplify.

Hope you see you in the next one.